Stockholm [a] is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries ;  [b]people live in the municipality approximately 1. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Agein the 6th millennium BCand was founded as a city in by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl.
It is also the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the only capital in the world with a national urban park. Stockholm is the cultural, media, political, and economic centre of Sweden. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museumis the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia. Ericsson Globethe national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city. The city was the host of the Summer Olympicsand hosted the equestrian portion of the Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, VictoriaAustralia.
Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies including the highest courts in the judiciary  and the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister. The government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag Swedish parliament is seated in the Parliament Houseand the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House.
After the Ice Age, around 8, BC, there were already many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south. Thousands of years later, as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. They had a positive trade impact on the Dagens namn torsten torun 8 because of the trade routes they created.
Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafitand in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne. The earliest written Dagens namn torsten torun 8 of the "Dagens namn torsten torun 8" Stockholm dates fromby which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade.
The first part of the name stock means log in Swedish, although it may also be connected to an old German word Stock meaning fortification.
The second part of the name holm means islet, and is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. Stockholm's core, the present Old Town Gamla Stan was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the midth century onward. The city originally rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Between and Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers.
The strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. On 8 November a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings
Dagens namn torsten torun 8 eventually led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union.
With the accession of Gustav Vasa in and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10, by The 17th century saw Sweden grow into Dagens namn torsten torun 8 major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From to the population multiplied sixfold. InStockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were also created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories.
InTre Kronor castle burned and was replaced by Stockholm Palace. Ina plague killed about 20, 36 percent of the population. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed.
The city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the "Dagens namn torsten torun 8" centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role.
New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden. The population also grew dramatically Dagens namn torsten torun 8 this time, mainly through immigration. Settlement began to expand outside the city limits. The 19th century saw the establishment of a number of scientific institutes, including the Karolinska Institutet. The General Art and Industrial Exposition was held in From to the Old Stockholm telephone tower was a landmark; originally built to link phone lines, it became redundant after these were buried, and it was latterly used for advertising.
Stockholm became a modern, technologically advanced, and ethnically diverse city in the latter half of the 20th century. Many historical buildings were torn down during the modernist era, including substantial parts of the historical district of Klaraand replaced with modern architecture.
Throughout the century, many industries shifted away from industrial activities into more high-tech and service industry areas. Currently, Stockholm's metropolitan area is one of the fastest growing regions in Europe, and its population is expected to number 2. As a result of this massive population growth, there has been a proposal to build densely packed high-rise buildings in the city centre connected by elevated walkways. The central parts of the city consist of fourteen islands that are continuous with the Stockholm archipelago.
Positioned at the eastern end of the Central Swedish lowlandthe city's location reflect the early orientation of Swedish trade toward the Baltic region. Stockholm belongs to the Temperate deciduous forest biome, which means the climate is very similar to that of the far northeastern area of the United States and coastal Nova Scotia in Canada. The average annual temperature is 7.
The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter. In the autumn the leaves change colour. During the winter months the trees lose their leaves. For details about the other municipalities in the Stockholm area, see the pertinent articles.
North of Stockholm Municipality: Stockholm Municipality is an administrative unit defined by geographical borders. The semi-official name for the municipality is City of Stockholm Stockholms stad in Swedish. The municipality is usually described in terms of its three main parts: The districts of these parts are:. The modern centre Norrmalm concentrated around the town square Sergels torg is the largest shopping district in Sweden .
It is the most central part of Stockholm in business and shopping. The exact location of the stations is given in the internal Swedish "Coordinates of the reich", however four figured stations numbers that begins with a "9" are located between the 59th and 60th latitude"6" between 59th and 60th latitude etc. Due to the city's high northerly latitude, the length of the day varies widely from more than 18 hours around midsummer to only around 6 hours in late December.
The nights from late May until mid July are bright even when cloudy. Stockholm has relatively mild weather compared to other locations at "Dagens namn torsten torun 8" latitude, or even farther south. With an average of just over hours of sunshine per Dagens namn torsten torun 8, it is also one of the sunniest cities in Northern Europe, receiving more sunshine than Paris,  London  and a few other major European cities of a more southerly latitude. Because of the urban heat island effect and the "Dagens namn torsten torun 8" wind travelling over land rather than sea during summer months, Stockholm has the warmest July months of the Nordic countries capitals.
Stockholm has an annual average snow cover between 75 and days . In spite of its mild climate, Stockholm is located further north than parts of Canada that are above the Arctic tree line at sea level. Winters generally bring cloudy weather with the most precipitation falling in December and January as rain or as snow.
Spring and autumn are generally cool to mild. According to ongoing measurements, the temperature has increased during the years — as compared with the last series. This increase averages about 1. Warming is most pronounced during the winter months, with an increase of more than 2.
The precipitation is not uniformly distributed throughout the year. Snowfall occurs mainly from December through March. Snowfall may occasionally occur in late October as well as in April. In Stockholm, the aurora borealis can occasionally be observed. Around the summer solstice the sun never reaches further below the horizon than 7. Also, when looking straight up towards the zenithfew stars are visible after the sun has gone down.
This is not to be confused with the midnight sunwhich occurs north of the Arctic Circlearound 7 degrees farther north. The Stockholm Municipal Council Swedish: Its councillors are elected concurrently with general electionsheld at the same time as the elections to the Riksdag and county councils. The Council convenes twice every month at Stockholm City Halland the meetings are open to the public. The matters on which the councillors decide have generally already been drafted and discussed by various boards and committees.
Dagens namn torsten torun 8 decisions are referred for practical implementation, the employees of
Dagens namn torsten torun 8 City administrations and companies take over. The elected majority has a Mayor and eight Vice Mayors. The Mayor and each majority Vice Mayor is a head of a department, with responsibility for a particular area of operation, such as City Planning. The opposition also has four Vice Mayors, but they hold no executive power.
The City Executive Board Swedish: Kommunstyrelsen is elected by the City Council and can be thought Dagens namn torsten torun 8 as the equivalent of a cabinet.
The City Executive Board renders an opinion in all matters decided by the Council and bears the overall responsibility for follow-up, evaluation and execution of its decisions. The Board is also responsible for financial administration and long-term development. The City Dagens namn torsten torun 8 Board consists of 13 members, who represent Dagens namn torsten torun 8 the majority and the opposition. Its meetings are not open to the public. Following the Stockholm municipal election, a majority of seats in the municipal council is at present held by a left-wing majority following two terms of a center-right majority and the Mayor of Stockholm Swedish: In addition to the eight political parties which are also represented on the national level in the Riksdagthe Feminist Initiative also hold seats in the municipal council and is part of the ruling majority.
The almost total absence of heavy industry and fossil fuel power plants makes Stockholm one of the world's cleanest metropolises. The last decade has seen a significant number of jobs created in high technology companies. A major IT centre is located in Kistain northern Stockholm.
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